Periopathogenic bacteria in dental plaque of Congolese patients with periodontitis: A pilot study

Em Kalala-Kazadi,corresponding author1 Jean-Paul Sekele-Issouradi,2 Jaques Bolenge-Ileboso,3 Jérôme F. Lasserre,4Augustin Mantshumba-Milolo,5 Hubert Ntumba-Mulumba,6 and Michel C. Brecx7


Abstract

Background

Periopathogenic bacteria play an important role in the etiology of periodontal disease. At present, no study screening for periopathogens in the DR Congo was carried out. The aim of this pilot study was to investigate the prevalence of five periopathogens in Congolese patients with periodontitis and to determine the association between these bacteria.

Material and Methods

Twelve patients (eight women and four men) with a mean age of 45 ± 19 years from those consulted in dental services of two medical centers of Kinshasa from April 2017 to October 2017 were included. Full mouth examination was registered, the probing pocket depth and clinical attachment level were assessed at six sites per tooth. Dental subgingival plaque samples were taken in the deepest pocket per arch in the maxilla and mandible. DNA analysis was performed using DNA-strip technology. The Fisher Exact test and Pearson correlation were used for statistical analysis.

Results

Porphyromonas gingivalis and Tannerella forsythia were detected at high level of 92%, Prevotella intermedia at a rate of 75% whereas Treponema denticola was detected in all patients. Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans was not detected. Strong associations were found between three bacteria of the red complex and between T. denticola and P. intermedia (r=1).

Conclusions

This first study investigating periopathogens in subgingival plaque of Congolese with periodontitis demonstrated a high prevalence of the red complex (P. gingivalisT. forsythia and T. denticola). Associations between different bacteria of this complex were strong.

Key words:Association, bacteria, periopathogen, periodontitis, prevalence.

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